Japanese Studies Program @York University       

JP1000 Introductory Lecture 01

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Useful Expressions: GREETINGS (isatsu  あいさつ)

Good morning. Ohayoo gozaims(u).  / Ohayoo. [casual] おはよう ございます。/ おはよう。
Good afternoon/Hello. Konnichi wa. こんにちは。
Good evening. Konban wa. こんばんは。
Good night. Oyasumi nasai. おやすみ なさい。
Hi! Domo. どうも。
Good bye. Sayoonara. / Sh(i)tsreeshimas(u). [more polite]
さような ら。/ しつれいします。
See you (later). Ja, mata. / Ja, mata (to de). じゃあ、 また(あとで)。
See you tomorrow. Ja mata ash(i)ta. じゃあ、 またあした。
How are you? Ognki des(u) ka? おげんき ですか。
(Thank you for asking) I'm fine. (Okagesama de) Gnki des(u). (おかげ さまで)げんきです。
Yes. hi / e はい / ええ
No. iie いいえ
How is it?/How are things? Do des(u) ka? / Ikga des(u) ka? [more polite]
どうですか / いかがですか。
So so. Ma maa des(u).

まあまあ です。
Long time no see. Shibraku desu nee. しばらく ですねえ。
Mr./Mrs./Ms ______ _____-sn / _____-sense *
___さん / ___せんせい
I am _____. _____ ds(u). / Watashi wa _____ ds(u). ___ です。/ わたしは ___ です。
How do you do? Hajimemsh(i)te, dozo yorosh(i)ku. はじめま して、どうぞよろしく。
How do you do? [likewise] Kochira kso, doozo yorosh(i)ku. こちらこ そ、どうぞよろしく。

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Hints & Suggestions

The above greetings are usually accompanied by o-jigi 'bowing'. When you bow, you should stop and stand erect and straight with your heels together.
In Japanese culturethe function of greetings is not to show friendliness but rather to confirm social relationship. It is more like a serious ritual, so
Japanese people tend to be quite formal in greetings. The angle of bowing depends on whom you are bowing to, and the more senior the person is, the
deeper it becomes. Let's practise it with you instructor. Body language is often more important than words. To be sure, many Japanese shake hands with
non-Japanese these days, so one has to be flexible as well.

* Please use sensee when you address to your professor, teacher, medical doctor, lawyer, and (politician) by itself or as in Yoshida-sensee.

Exchanging meeshi (or meishi) 'name cards' is a common practice among business people. Name cards are extremely helpful in remembering names
and other information of the other party. Usually a junior person presents his/her card first politely to the senior person. In a conference situation, it is
helpful to place cards in front of you on the desk so that you can easily identify other participants.

Norio Ota 2021